David Oistrakh, in full David Fyodorovich Oistrakh, (born September 17 [September 30, New Style], 1908, Odessa, Ukraine, Russian Empire [now in Ukraine]—died October 24, 1974, Amsterdam, Netherlands), world-renowned Soviet violin virtuoso acclaimed for his exceptional technique and tone production.
A violin student from age five, Oistrakh graduated from the Odessa Conservatory in 1926 and made his Moscow debut in 1929. He gave recitals throughout the Soviet Union and eastern Europe and in 1937 won first prize in the Eugène Ysaÿe violin competition. From 1934 he taught violin at the Moscow Conservatory.
Oistrakh was first heard in western Europe and the United States through his recordings of 20th-century Russian works as well as the classical violin repertory. From 1951 he toured extensively in Europe and from 1955 in the United States.
Igor Oistrakh, in full Igor Davidovich Oistrakh, (born April 27, 1931, Odessa, Ukraine, U.S.S.R.), Ukrainian violinist noted for his lean, modernist interpretations.
Oistrakh studied with his father, the famous violinist David Oistrakh, and also attended the Central Music School in Moscow, making his concert debut in 1948. He then studied at the Moscow Conservatory (1949–55), winning first prizes, while still a student, at international competitions in Budapest, Hungary, and Poznań, Poland. In 1958 he joined the faculty of the Moscow Conservatory, initially assisting his father and in 1965 becoming a lecturer. He later taught at the Royal Conservatory of Brussels.
Oistrakh performed abroad frequently in Europe and America, occasionally appearing in joint recitals with his father or as a soloist with his father as conductor. He also performed with his wife, pianist Natalya Zertsalova, and their son, Valery, who was also a noted violinist.